Legal Literacy and Legal Awareness


Legal awareness is spread by conducting legal literacy camps and legal aid clinics. Every District Authority and the Taluk Legal Services committee is required to conduct monthly Legal Literacy camps. The District Authorities and Taluk Committees, as a matter of fact, conduct more camps in their respective area of operation out of their own interest.


For creating awareness among the public, Legal Literacy and awareness camps are being organized in the nook and corner of the villages in the State of Tamil Nadu. Out of 18,603 villages in the State, the District Legal Services Authorities and the Taluk Legal Services Committees have not only covered the entire villages, but also started second round for the purpose of spreading the legal awareness among the public.


As part of the Legal Literacy and awareness programme, Villuppattu, a traditional folk-lore of Tamil Nadu performed by famous artist Kalaimamani Subbu Arumugam is exhibited through electronic media from the year 2002. The melodius songs and educative villupattu played in the legal literacy camps attract large crowd. The public at large and the advocates exhibit much interest in hearing them and they purchase the cassettes for their personal use.

Lyrics in the style of folk songs carrying the message of various Laws, enactments and schemes on Lok Adalat sung by various famous playback singers viz. padmashri Yesudoss, Vani Jayaram, Unnikrishnan, Mahanadhi Shobana, and Sirkali Siva Chidambaram were recorded and are being played at the venue where legal literacy programmes are organized from the year 2003.


The video and audio C.Ds and cassettes containing the substance of the various laws were prepared with the funds provided by Neyveli Lignite Corporation, a public Sector Undertaking, and the same were released at Cuddalore on 2.8.2003 for public consumption.


In order to enlighten the general public, the basics of various beneficial enactments were prepared and published by the State Legal Services Authority in book form.

The following booklets titled as Legal Literacy and awareness series were published by the State Legal Services Authority:

  • Consumer protection Act

  • protection for Women under IPC

  • protection for Women under various laws other than IPC

  • Rights of Arrested persons

  • Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act

  • Hindu Marriage Act

  • Child Marriage Restraint Act

  • protection of Civil Rights Act 1955

  • The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act 1956

  • The Child Labour (prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986

  • The Guardian and Wards Act 1890

  • How to get compensation in Motor Accident cases

  • Maintenance Legal position

  • The constitution and activities of the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority

  • Benefits under various welfare schemes of Government How to get them

That apart, as part of legal literacy and awareness campaign, the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority has released a booklet in vernacular language under the caption SATTAPPANIGAL MUTHAL KAIYEDU in question-and-answer form.


A short film on Lok Adalat highlighting the benefits of the Lok Adalat has been produced and released by the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority on 1.3.2004. There is a greater demand for dubbing of the film in other vernacular languages. On request made by the Kerala State Legal Services Authority, the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority provided the Beta copy of the film Lok Adalat for dubbing in their local language. The film is being screened in almost all the functions of the Legal Services Authority as a prelude to the function. The source of dispute, the psychological impact it created on the minds of the disputants, the yearning for amicable solution sought for by the agriculturist, the ill-intention of the other elite breed to elongate the dispute through the court of law, the accidental meeting by the disputants with the District Authority personnel and the efforts taken by him to conciliate the matter effectively and the solution provided by the Legal Services Authority for the disputes, have been commendably picturised in the film. In fact, the script and the screenplay were sculpted by the patron-in-Chief of Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority.


As part of the legal literacy and awareness camps, a meeting with press and Electronic Media was arranged on 1.7.2004 and the benefits of conciliation and mediation of the disputes and settlement of disputes through Lok Adalats, the importance of legal literacy and awareness camps were brought to their notice. It was made clear that unless the press and Electronic media involve themselves in the process of inseminating the ideals of legal services Authorities Act and the activities of the Authority, the poor, disadvantaged and the marginalized sections of the society would take long to reap the benefits of the beneficial legislation. A decision has also been taken in the meeting to organize a one day Workshop in this regard. Mr. N. Ram and V. Jayanth from The Hindu, Mr. Kamalendra kanwar from New Indian Express, Mr. Maalan of SUN TV, Mr. S. Anantha Narayanan of Doordarshan, Mr. A.J. Christopher of Eenadu and other delegates from various press and media participated in the meeting. All the legal services activities, be it Lok Adalat or legal literacy camps or legal aid clinic, have made rapid strides in the last three years.


In order to further enlighten the people of the various beneficial enactments passed by the Central and State Governments as well as the various programmes and schemes implemented by the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority, through legal literacy and awareness, a 30 minutes documentary film Access to Justice for All in English and Anaivarukkum Samaneethi in vernacular language was produced and released by the Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority. The short film is made available in the form of Compact Discs and were forwarded to all the District Authorities and Taluk Committees with a direction to display the same while conducting Lok Adalats and legal Literacy Camps.