Article 39-A of our Constitution enjoins the State to provide free legal aid to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen on account of poverty or other disabilities. Article 39-A of the Constitution of India which came into force on 3.1.1977, directs the State Government, for providing equal justice and free legal aid to any citizen who are suffering by reason of economic or other disabilities.
The Legal Services Act 1987 is basically aimed to provide free and competent legal Services to the weaker sections of the society to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of economic or other disabilities, and to organize Lok Adalats to secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice on a basis of equal opportunity.
Article 39-A of constitution empowers every State Government to constitute a body to be called the Legal Services Authority for the State to exercise the powers and perform the functions conferred on, or assigned to, a State Authority under the Legal Services Act.
By G.O.Ms.No. 1577 Home (Cts.IV) dated 29.10.1997, the newly constituted Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority came to be functioning with effect from 1.11.1997.
The Tamil Nadu State Legal Services Authority is situated in the Madras High Court Campus at North Fort Road in a building 'SATTA UDAVI MAIYAM''
The Hon'ble Executive Chairperson is the Administrative Head of the State Authority.
District Legal Services Authorities are situated in District Court buildings in each of the District Headquarters. The District Judge is the Chairman of District Legal Services Authority.
In the Districts, there are Taluk Legal Services Committees are situated in each of the Taluk Headquarters headed by the concerned Sub-Judge or Senior Presiding Officer of the Court.
Legal Services Authority is aimed to provide legal services to Women and Children and Downtrodden and also marginalised section of the community.
The Hon'ble Executive Chairperson has geared the activities of the State Authority across the State by directing all the Legal Services institutions at the District Level to bestow their special attention to implement all the programmers and activities by reaching the deserving poor and downtrodden to enable them to have access to justice.
- National plan of action to be executed by the state legal services authorities and calendar for activities.
- Render legal services to poor and down trodden people
- Conduct Lok Adalats identifying the pending cases in subordinate courts, including High Court cases;
- Conduct lok Adalat for pre-litigation cases of banks and other institutions.
- Conducting macro and micro legal aid camps in villages to assist the people to get essential services from state.
- Legal literacy programmes in schools and colleges in order to create legal awareness, obedience to law and spread the philosophy of Rule of Law amongst the younger generation
- Legal aid clinics in villages to be manned by Para Legal Volunteers and panel lawyers
- Retainer lawyers are engaged at Taluk, District and High Court level for handling legal aid cases.
“Our Motto is to render public spirited services and public good”.